What is Dengue?
Dengue is primarily a disease of the tropics that is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Aedes aegypti is a day-biting mosquito that prefers to feed on humans. Those infected with dengue can suffer from a spectrum of illnesses ranging from a viral flu to severe and fatal hemorrhagic fever (DHF). The dengue virus is passed back and forth between mosquitoes and humans and causes an extraordinarily painful ailment that exists in four known strains or serotypes.
Dengue is especially dangerous to children, who generally have one infection, but if bitten again can get a more serious infection that can lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). DHF causes severe internal bleeding, shock, and circulatory collapse, and is usually fatal to children.
Dengue is increasingly becoming a plague of global proportions and may soon eclipse malaria as the most significant mosquito-borne viral disease affecting humans.
Dengue fever is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults, but seldom causes death. Dengue should be suspected when a high fever (40°C/ 104°F) is accompanied by two of the following symptoms: severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands or rash. Symptoms usually last for 2–7 days, after an incubation period of 4–10 days after the bite from an infected mosquito. Severe dengue is a potentially deadly complication due to plasma leaking, fluid accumulation, respiratory distress, severe bleeding, or organ impairment. Warning signs occur 3–7 days after the first symptoms in conjunction with a decrease in temperature (below 38°C/ 100°F) and include: severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, rapid breathing, bleeding gums, fatigue, restlessness, blood in vomit. The next 24–48 hours of the critical stage can be lethal; proper medical care is needed to avoid complications and risk of death.
One of the most effective ways to prevent dengue is to use the range of mosquito repellent products by Odomos. The range includes:
- Odomos Naturals Rose Cream with Rose Extracts
- Odomos Naturals Cream with Cintronella and Aloe Vera / Odomos Naturals Lotion
- Odomos Cream with Vitamin E / Odomos Gel with Moisturiser / Odomos Spray
Some other simple steps include:
- Wearing shoes, socks, long pants and long-sleeved shirt
- Using mosquito nets
- Cleaning up the surrounding and not allowing water to stagnate.
There is no specific treatment for dengue fever. For severe dengue, medical care by physicians and nurses experienced with the effects and progression of the disease can save lives – decreasing mortality rates from more than 20% to less than 1%. Maintenance of the patient's body fluid volume is critical to severe dengue care.